This is moving in the wrong direction

It looks like my books are getting shorter and shorter…

Functional Programming in R was about 31,000 words.

Object-oriented Programming in R about 24,000 words.

Right now, it looks like Meta-programming in R will end up around 20,000 words.

I should probably think up a chapter or two more for Meta-programming in R so it doesn’t end up being too short. 25,000-30,000 words is okay for these books; they are supposed to be short, but they weren’t supposed to get shorter and shorter for each new book…

Automatic differentiation in R

I’ve been working on a small R package that does automatic differentiation. It takes a function that computes an arithmetic expression as input and outputs a function that computes the derivative of the expression. You can check it out on GitHub.

I got inspired to write it a few weeks ago when one of our PhD students gave a talk on automatic differentiation. I didn’t attend the talk, but remembered playing around with it as a meta-program in C++ templates ages ago. Now that I am writing a book on meta-programming in R, I thought it would be a cool example to include there—and I have included it in the chapter I just finished. I gave it to a student as a project, but I am not patient enough to let someone else program it, so I have also done it myself.

It is actually a nice exercise to do. Differentiation is pretty simple to program. You just follow the rules you learned in calculus for the arithmetic operations and apply the chain rule for function calls. Nothing complicated there. To make it a meta-program in R, though, you need to know how to work with expressions and how to inspect functions to correctly apply the chain rule. While this is not particularly hard, this example is great at getting around the various corners of working with expressions.

Unless I think up something else to add, I think the meta-programming book will be done after one more chapter. After that, I will take a short break from the R books. I will get back to them in a few weeks, I imagine, but I have a few other projects to focus on before then. Including proof-reading my data science book—that should arrive next week and then I have to get through it in a week before it goes to the printer.

I haven’t decided yet what the next R book should be. I’m thinking either functional data structures and algorithms or embedded domain-specific languages. Let me know what you think.